Cultivars divided in East and West regions:

Click here to view SAPPA regions

The Eastern part of South Africa:

Region 1 and the eastern part of region 2 and 3 Natal and Lowveld:

80% is Ukulinga, the other 20% is Marina, Elliot, Barton, Moor and in the warmer part of Natal at Muden also Choctaw.

In the Western part of South Africa:

The most common varieties in this region are Navaho, Wichita, Choctaw, Western Sutex and Ukulinga.
Other cultivars found in certain areas in the Western region are the Mohawk and Shoshoni.

New and existing colour codes for pecan nut cultivars

1
Ukulinga
yellow
2
Barton
blue
3
Choctow
orange
4
Wichita
green
5
Disirable
pink
6
Mahan
red
7
Success
purple
8
Western Schley
light grey
9
black
10
Moor / Bester
light brown
11
lime
12
Osage
yellow & blue
13
Pawnee
yellow & orange
14
Gloria Grande
blue & orange
15
Navaho
yellow & green
16
Houma
blue & green
17
Elliot
orange & green
18
Oconee
yellow & pink
19
Nellis
blue & pink
20
Cape Fear
orange & pink
21
Harris Super
green & pink
22
Nacono
yellow & red
23
Riverside
blue & red
24
Summer
red & orange
25
Sioux
green & red
26
Mohawk
pink & red
27
Marina
yellow & purple
28
Nelson
orange & pink
29
Stuard
orange & purple
30
Sutex
green & purple
31
Alvina
pink & purple
32
red & purple
33
Giles
yellow & light grey
34
Hopi
blue & light grey
35
Peruque
orange & light grey
36
Apache
green & light grey
37
Forkert
pink & light grey
38
Caddo
red & light grey
39
Curtis
purple & light grey
40
41
42
Shoshoni
orange & light grey
43
44
Kiowa
pink & black
45
46
47
48
49
50
Melrose
orange & light brown
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
Dark
Dark
Light
Light
Yellow
blue
Orange
green
Pink
Red
Purple
grey
Black
brown
Lime
Yellow
1
Blue
12
2
Orange
13
14
3
Green
15
16
17
4
Pink
18
19
20
21
5
Red
22
23
24
25
26
6
Purple
27
28
29
30
31
32
7
Light grey
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
8
Black
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
9
Light brown
48
59
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
10
Lime
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
11

Descriptions of Cultivars:pecan nut trees

A large number of pecan varieties have been developed through the selection of desirable seedling trees. Selection of disease resistant varieties is a major consideration in areas experiencing high humidity and poor air circulation. Description of some of the promising pecan cultivars is given below.

1. Stuart
It is a popular old cultivar which has originated as seedling in Mississippi. Nuts are large, of high quality and with well defined markings and a fairly thick shell. The tree is a moderate bearer.

2. Desirable
It is a hybrid between Success x Jewett or Russell. The nut is large with a semi thin shell which cracks easily. The tree comes to bearing early, very prolific and regular bearer and is also resistant to scab. The planting of this variety with other varieties facilitates pollination.

3. Nellis
Nuts are long and shells are thin. Kernels are of good quality.

4. Mahan
The tree is vigorous, precocious, prolific bearer with good foliage. The nuts are extra large shell, thin and tend to poor filling on older trees. It is a good variety for the areas which receive abnormal rainfall.

5. Western
It is the most commonly planted cultivar in the U.S.A. and has originated from the cross between a seedling and the variety Texas. Nuts are medium sized, thin shelled and having good kernel quality. It is a prolific bearer and suitable for high density planting. It is susceptible to scab disease.

6. Wichita
It is a hybrid between Halbert X Mohan. It is very popular cultivar being one of the most precocious and prolific of all cultivars. The nuts are of medium size, attractive appearance, high quality and have high kernel percentage. It is susceptible to scab disease. For effective pollination, the cultivar should be grown with Western or Cheyenne.

7. Cheyenne
It is a cross between Clark and Adom. The tree is very precious, productive, scab resistant and recommended for high density planting. For effective pollination, it should be grown with Wichita.

8. Mohawk
It is a cross between Success X Mahan. The tree is precocious, prolific, vigorous and fairly resistant to disease. Nuts are elongated, thin shelled, very attractive and have kernel percentage of 55-60. The kernels are quite smooth, easily shelled and of high quality.

9. Burkett
Nuts are large round with a semi thin shell. They are not easily separated from the kernel.

10. Elliott
It is an early maturing with small round nut. The nuts have medium thick shell and good flavor. The trees are vigorous and regular bearer. It is resistant to scab disease.

11. Curtis
The variety is suitable for lower elevations experiencing a long growing season. The nut is small thin shelled suitable for shelling. The kernel is of high quality. It is moderately resistant to scab disease.

12. Pawnee
This is a selection from Mohawk X Starking Hardy Giant crosses. It is an early, prolific and fast growing variety in young age. Nut quality is excellent with good size, appearance and kernel percentage. The plant is tolerant to scab disease.

13. Moore
It produces good crops of small nuts but it is susceptible to scab.

14. Cape Fear
The variety produces fairly large nuts. Shell cracks well and possesses high quality. Trees are highly productive and start bearing fruit after seven to eight years of age.

15. Ukulinga
This variety has originated as a chance seedling in South Africa. It is suitable for humid tropical regions. The nuts are large, shell medium thick and kernel percentage is 52 -54. It is less prone to irregular bearing.

V. Propagation

Pecan can be propagated both by seed as well as vegetative methods. However, it is commercially propagated by budding or grafting on seedling rootstock.

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